Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) is a group of programs that provide federal assistance to parties that have been adversely affected by trade. TAA programs are authorized by the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, and were last reauthorized by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reauthorization Act of 2015 (TAARA; Title IV of P.L. 114-27).
The largest TAA program, TAA for Workers (TAAW), provides federal assistance to groups of workers who have become separated or partially separated from their employment or have been threatened with total or partial separation due to trade.. The largest components of the TAAW program are (1) funding for career services and training to prepare workers for new occupations and (2) income support for workers who are enrolled in an eligible training program and have exhausted their unemployment compensation. The TAAW program is administered at the federal level by the Department of Labor.
TAA programs also are authorized for firms and farmers that have been adversely affected by increased imports. TAA for Firms, administered by the Department of Commerce, supports trade-impacted businesses by providing technical assistance in developing business recovery plans and by providing matching funds to implement those plans. The TAA for Farmers program was reauthorized by TAARA but the program has not received an appropriation since FY2011.
The eligibility and benefit provisions of TAARA are authorized to continue through June 30, 2021.
The House Ways and Means Committee is making available selected reports by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) for inclusion in its 2016 Green Book website. CRS works exclusively for the United States Congress, providing policy and legal analysis to Committees and Members of both the House and Senate, regardless of party affiliation.
The following provides a legislative history of the Trade Adjustment Assistance programs during the 114th Congress. For prior legislative history, please see prior editions of the Green Book.
For the most recent legislative history of Trade Adjustment Assistance programs, please see the Appendix of CRS Report, R44153: Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers and the TAA Reauthorization Act of 2015.
This page was prepared October 2016 for the 2016 version of the House Ways and Means Committee Green Book.